النشر العلمي

  • Cadmium Levels in the Urine of Males and Females from Different Age-groups in an Agricultural Village and Sugar-Producing Town in the Gezira State, Central Sudan


udy aimed to determine the levels of Cd in urine among adult males, females and children of both sexes ≤ 5 yr-old, in two Gezira State (Sudan) villages, viz. Rigwa (Um Al Goura Locality) and Wadelsayed (Eastern Gezira Locality). The selected age groups were 15 - 20, 25 - 35, 40 - 50 and 55 - 65 year old. Urine samples collected from these groups were analyzed using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry (AAS). A completely randomized design was adopted. Results revealed presence of Cd in urine with no exception. Cd levels in urine of females in Rigwa were 0.289, 0.113, 0.203, 0.283 and 0.199 mg/L for ≤ 5, 15 - 20, 25 - 35, 40 - 50 and 55 - 65 yr-old, respectively. The levels in males were 0.087, 0.069, 0.288, 0.274 and 0.288 mg/L, respectively, for the same age groups. Regarding Wadelsayed females, the levels were 0.014, 0.020, 0.015, 0.022 and 0.040 mg/L, respectively, following the same order as above. The means for males were 0.122, 0.129, 0.051, 0.089 and 0.099 mg/L for ≤ 5, 15 - 20, 25 - 35, 40 - 50 and 55 - 65 yr. old, respectively. The females level in Rigwa were higher than those of the males in the age groups < 5, 15 - 20 and 40 - 50 yr-old, whereas in Wadelsayed the levels in men were, in many cases, by far higher than those of the females. Also, the levels in Rigwa for both sexes were higher than those in Wadelsayed. The females < 5 in Rigwa shoed the heist concentration of Cd (0.289 vs. 0.087 mg/L), whereas those of Wadelsayed were 0.014 vs. 0.122 mg/Lm following the same order

published in EC pharmacology and Toxicology 6.3:120-127:

  • Effect of Sunflower Meal Protein Isolate (SMPI) Addition on Wheat Bread Quality

 

The effect of substituting wheat flour with 0%, 1%, 3%, 6% and 9% SMPI on wheat bread quality and nutritional value
was studied. The partial substitution of wheat flour with SMPI influenced the structure of the bread (P<0.05),
causing a small decrease in volume and higher hardness compared to 100% wheat bread. Addition of 9% SMPI in
wheat increased the nutritional value of wheat bread in terms protein and amino acid content with only a small
reduction in bread quality. Overall acceptability score revealed that bread supplemented with 1% SMPI was
acceptable to the panelists and there was no significant difference in terms of taste and texture compared to the
control. These findings are helpful and show how low-cost protein may improve the nutritional quality of wheat
bread; it also increased potential applications of sunflower meal residue.

published in Journal of Academia and Industrial Research

  • Performance of Rapid Diagnostic Test for Malaria Diagnosis at the Different Specialized Hospitals in Wad Medani, Gezira State, Sudan

Abstract Title:

Performance of Rapid Diagnostic Test for Malaria Diagnosis at the Different Specialized Hospitals in Wad Medani, Gezira State, Sudan

 

Blue Nile National Institute for Communicable Diseases. University of Gezira , Wad Medani,  Sudan

 

Authors:

Bakri Y. M. Nour,  Magid A. A. Almobark, Albadawi A. Talha, Elgaili M. Elgaili, Dafallah Abuidris, Ali B. Habour, Kamal Osman, Yassir M. Elhassan and Ahmed Bolad

Abstract:

Background: Malaria may be overestimated if the diagnosis is based solely on clinical signs. Therefore, laboratory confirmation is essential. Rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) have become an essential tool in malaria control and management programmes in the world. RDTs can offer a good alternative with the advantage that it is an easy and rapid method, and may assist in diagnosis and improving the practices prescription. This study aims to evaluate the performance of RDTs for malaria diagnosis.

Methods: In Wad Medani, Central Sudan. 931 patients with symptoms of malaria attended the outpatient clinics at the different specialized hospitals were enrolled in this study, RDT and blood smears methods were performed to diagnose Plasmodium falciparum malaria and blood drop spot were collected in filter paper for nested PCR technique as a confirmative diagnostic tool.

Results: This study revealed that, 131/931 (14.1%) and 63/931(6.7%) were positive when performed by microscopy and RDT respectively. While the result of the 131 microscopy positive samples showed that 63/131(47.3%) were positive by RDT and 68/131(52.7%) were negative. The 68 samples subjected to nested PCR, 6 samples gave an insufficient amount of DNA after extraction while all the 62 samples confirmed that they were infected with P. falciparum malaria, indicating that there is a significant difference between the rates of malaria cases diagnosed by microscopy and RDT (P = 0.001(

Conclusion: This study concluded that the implementation of malaria RDT as a diagnostic tool could not be an alternative method, and it does not replace malaria microscopy.

 

published in Multilateral Initiative on Malaria PanAfrican Conference

  • Harnessing innovative technologies in Water and land for Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security improvement in Africa

Food insecurity is a major challenge to Africa region. African region is endowed with vast resources (land, water and human resources) suitable for agriculture, livestock production, and forestry and fisheries development, among others. However, agriculture is characterized by relatively low productivity. FAO 2015 estimated that there were some 680 million hungry people in the world, more than 250 million of whom in sub-Saharan Africa. Currently there is real famine in some African countries because of less food production.  Food imports is increasing, while agricultural productivity is stable and or decreasing despite huge potential. There is potentiality-given the huge amount of resources-for the region to feed its population and the world. The main problems of food insecurity in the region are poor utilization and mismanagement of resources which associated with traditional practices in agricultural sector and in food production system. 

published in RUFORUM

  • Multivariate methods for Investigating Academic Stumbling: A Case Study Faculty of Economics and Rural Development, University of Gezira State, Sudan (2017)

published in IJRDO-Journal of Social Science and Humanities Research

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