النشر العلمي

  • Decomposing Total Factor Productivity of Sudanese Sugarcane Factories (2000-2007)

This paper reports the measure of total factor productivity change (TFPCH) for the Sudanese sugarcane
factories: An empirical analysis with reference to Sudanese sugar companies (Kenana, Gunied, New Halfa, Sinnar
and Assalaya). Based on Data Envelopment Analysis Program (DEAP) Software Version 2.1, using model of input–
oriented Malmquist indices of total factor productivity (TFP). Relevant secondary data were collected and analyzed
to meet the stated objectives. This paper aimed to decompose TFPCH into two components: Technological change
(TECH) and technical efficiency change (EFCH) and the latter was further divided into scale efficiency change
(SEFCH) and pure efficiency change (PEFCH). In the study on Sudanese sugarcane plants, the innovation was
improving up and down of TECH over time. Scale efficiency operating in Kenana was remained constant return to
scale, and total factor productivity was positive. For measuring the scale efficiency operating in Sudanese Sugar
Company the results suggest that the scale efficiency was constant return to scale in Gunied and New Halfa
compared to increased return to scale in Sinnar and Assalaya. The study recommended that the policy maker in the
Sudanese Sugar Company and managers of other sugar factories should make effort to benefit from added value of
sugar industry through downstream processes of sugarcane by-product such as molasses bagasse and filter cake,
which could be utilized usefully for animal feed, energy and ethanol production.

published in International Journal of Economics & Management Sciences

  • The role of Rural Women Schools (RWSs) on increasing income, improving nutrition and food security of rural families, Gezira State, Sudan

The objective of this study was to determine the role of Rural Women Schools (RWSs) on increasing in

come and improving

nutrition and food security of rural families, Gezira State. Field surveys were used to collect data

from two rural women

schools in the State in the year 2013 and 2014 growing season. 25 RWS participants were selected fro

m each school. Equal

number of non-RWS participants (50) were used for comparison, by using the simple random sampling te

chnique. The

collected data were statistically analyzed and interpreted using percentage, frequency distribution

and chi-square test. The

results showed significant association between number of seasons of participation in RWS and adoptio

n of

recommended

package components for rural women by RWS participants. It can be concluded that the RWS non-formal

education approach

is very efficient in the transfer of recommended package components for rural women through their pa

rticipation in various

activities of RWS. Thus, RWS approach should become national policy

,

share authority of extension organizations in control

and execution of RWS activities with farmer and women unions for more effective participations of ru

ral women in all

activities of the schools and the current curriculum of RWS should be developed

published in Agric. Sci. Digest. , 35 (2) 2015: 101-105

  • الآثار الاقتصادية والاجتماعية لمصنع سكر كنانة عمي سكان ولاية النيل الأبيض،السودان( 2014)

 

تقع ولاية النيل الأبيض في جنوب السودان الجديد ، وتبمغ مساحة الولاية (

61

) ألف

كيمو متر مربع وتتمتع بأراضي شاسعة لمزراعة تقدربـ (

1.6

) مميون فدان صالحة لمزراعة مستغل

منيا (

4

ة

ع

ا

ن

ص

ل

ا

ز

ك

ر

م

ا

ي

م

ع

ج

ا

م

م

ض

ي

ب

لأ

ا

ل

ي

ن

ل

ا

ي

ف

ة

م

ث

م

ت

م

ه

ا

ي

م

ل

ا

ر

د

ا

ص

م

و

ن

ا

د

ف

ن

ي

ي

لا

م

ة

ع

ب

ر

أ

)

الس

كر.تعتبر ىذه الولاية مركز ثقل صناعة السكر بالسودان حيث يوجد بيا مصنع سكر كنانة

وىو شراكة بين حكومة السودان وعدد من الدول العربية أىميا الكويت

.

ىدفت الدراسة إلي

التعرف عمى أىم الآثار الاقتصادية والاجتماعية لمصنع سكر كنانة عمى السودان

عامة

وعمى

منطقة كنانة

خ

اصة

،

و

اعتمدت الدراسة عمي بيانات أولية تم الحصول عمييا من تصميم استمارة

استبيان تم توزيعيا عمي العاممين بالمصنع باستخدام أسموب المعاينة العشوائية البسيطة،

وكذلك

اعتمدت الدراسة عمي بيانات ثانوية تم الحصول عمييا من سجلات الشركة السودانية لمسكر.

وأ

تبعت الدراسة

المنيج الوصفي التحميمي لتحميل البيانات من خلال عمل جداول تكرارية

لخصائص المبحوثين،

ثم اتبعت الدراسة المنيج الاستنباطي التحميمي باستخدام اختبار مربع كاي

لدراسة العلاقات بين متغير الدراسة

وىو

وبقية المتغيرات.توصمت الدراسة إلي أن قيام مصنع

سكر كنانة أدي إلي

إحداث تغيرات اقتصادية واجتماعية لسكان منطقة النيل الأبيض ولمسودان

عامة،فقد ساىم المصنع في خفض معدلات البطالة،زيادة متوسط دخول سكان المنطقة وتحسن

مستوي المعيشة ليم،

توسع الأسواق المحمية وزيادة التنافسية وحركة تبادل السمع،

واكتساب

ميارات تقنية من خلال العمل

مع الخبرات الأجنبية،

كما ساىم المصنع في استقرار السكان

وخفض معدلات اليجرة الداخمية خاصة إلي العاصمة،كما ساىم في تغيير نمط الحياة لمسكان

وخفض النزاعات والحروب القبمية.خرجت الدراسة بعدة توصيات أىميا: ضرورة الاىتمام بزيادة

استيعاب الأيدي العاممة المدربة وتعيي

ن المؤىمين وأصحاب الكفاءات والشيادات العممية.الاىتمام

بإنشاء كل المرافق الصحية والتعميمية والخدمية حول المصنع من اجل تحسين مستوي

المعيشة.العمل عمي قيام مزيد من المصانع في ولايات السودان الفقيرة.

اجراء

المزيد من

الدراسات العممية لمتعرف عمي اثر قيام الصناعات

عمي سكان المنطقة

وتعظيم الاستفادة منيا و

معالجة السمبيات التي تنتج عنيا

published in egypt . J. of Appl. Sci., 30 (10) 2015

  • CAUSES OF PARTICIPAT ION OF WOMEN IN THE INFORMAL SECTOR IN G REATER WAD MEDANI LOCALITY, GEZIRA STA TE, SUDAN, 2015

CAUSES OF PARTICIPAT

ION OF WOMEN IN THE

INFORMAL SECTOR IN G

REATER WAD MEDANI

LOCALITY, GEZIRA STA

TE, SUDAN, 2015

Samira Mohammed Abdalla

;

Isam Omer Fadol

and

Iklass

H

ussen

)

ABSTRACT

The participation of women in the informal sector consider as a

phenomenon that occupies a wider attention in developing countries as a

result of increasing poverty rate and appearance of feminization of

poverty. This study attempted to explain the causes

of participation of

women in the informal sector. The importance of this study stems from

need to explain the causes of women participation in the informal sector

in order to help policymaker to design and planning for improving the

situation of women in

informal sector. Data were collected from primary

source through a desined questionnaire and secondary source collected

from central Breau of statistic . This study was conduct in greater Wad

Medani locality, (200) respondents were investigating represent

ing the

sample size of the study. Data were analyzed using descriptive analytical

methodology and chi

-

square test using Spss as helping tool (statistical

package for social science). The result of the study revealed that different

reasons force women to

participate in the informal sector such as need

for money, educate their children, self reliant, and improve house

furniture. Also the study shows that there is a relationship between

reasons of participating in activity and different study variables su

ch as

being the only breadwinner in the family, spending on family need, the

marital status and number of education years. Based on finding the study

recommends that

all economic plans and social policies should consider

women who work in the informal sect

or, Simplification of licensing

procedure, and more researches and studies should be conducted to

investigate the situation of women in informal sector .

published in egypt . J. of Appl. Sci., 30 (10) 2015

  • Integration between Sheep Markets in the Sudan: A Multivariate Approach

The objective of this study was the investigation comprised the long run equilibrium and the short run dynamic
interlinkages between sheep markets by using the monthly data of Omdurman, Medani, Elobied, Nyala and Sennar
markets from January 1980 to December 1984 and from January 1990 to December 2000. The main findings were
as following (i) The prices were first difference stationary, (ii) The test failed to reject the null hypothesis of no long
run relationships between variables in the period 1980-1984 and (iii) there was only one cointegrating vector in the
system in the period 1990-2000, and the short run integration appeared to be weak. The long run dynamics was
re-examined by using impulse response tests and the results support the cointegration of these markets. It may
be interpreted that any shock to the equilibrium relationships is mostly restored within four months lag period. The
results also suggested relative leadership of Omdurman and Nyala markets in sheep pricing, which means the
system is driven by large markets.

 

published in Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review

© 2016 University Of Gezira. All rights reserved | Design by Informatics Administration