النشر العلمي

  • التجربة البرلمانية السودانية نموذج ولاية الجزيرة(قدمت فى موتمر تدريب القيادات التشريعية ولاية الجزيرة2010)

published in موتمر تدريب القيادات التشريعية ولاية الجزيرة

  • الآثار الاقتصادية والاجتماعية لمصنع سكر كنانة على سكان ولاية النيل الأبيض، السودان 2014

تقع ولاية النيل الأبيض في جنوب السودان الجديد ، وتبمغ مساحة الولاية ) 61 ( ألف

كيمو متر مربع وتتمتع بأ ا رضي شاسعة لمز ا رعة تقدرب ) 1.6 ( مميون فدان صالحة لمز ا رعة مستغل

منيا ) 4( أربعة ملايين فدان ومصادر المياه متمثمة في النيل الأبيض مما جعميا مرك ا زً لصناعة

السكر.تعتبر ىذه الولاية مركز ثقل صناعة السكر بالسودان حيث يوجد بيا مصنع سكر كنانة

وىو ش ا ركة بين حكومة السودان وعدد من الدول العربية أىميا الكويت. ىدفت الد ا رسة إلي

التعرف عمى أىم الآثار الاقتصادية والاجتماعية لمصنع سكر كنانة عمى السودان عامة وعمى

منطقة كنانة خاصة، اوعتمدت الد ا رسة عمي بيانات أولية تم الحصول عمييا من تصميم استمارة

استبيان تم توزيعيا عمي العاممين بالمصنع باستخدام أسموب المعاينة العشوائية البسيطة، وكذلك

اعتمدت الد ا رسة عمي بيانات ثانوية تم الحصول عمييا من سجلات الشركة السودانية لمسكر.

وأتبعت الد ا رسة المنيج الوصفي التحميمي لتحميل البيانات من خلال عمل جداول تك ا ررية

لخصائص المبحوثين، ثم اتبعت الد ا رسة المنيج الاستنباطي التحميمي باستخدام اختبار مربع كاي

لد ا رسة العلاقات بين متغير الد ا رسة وىو وبقية المتغي ا رت.توصمت الد ا رسة إلي أن قيام مصنع

سكر كنانة أدي إلي إحداث تغي ا رت اقتصادية واجتماعية لسكان منطقة النيل الأبيض ولمسودان

عامة،فقد ساىم المصنع في خفض معدلات البطالة،زيادة متوسط دخول سكان المنطقة وتحسن

مستوي المعيشة ليم، توسع الأسواق المحمية وزيادة التنافسية وحركة تبادل السمع، واكتساب

ميا ا رت تقنية من خلال العمل مع الخب ا رت الأجنبية، كما ساىم المصنع في استق ا رر السكان

وخفض معدلات اليجرة الداخمية خاصة إلي العاصمة،كما ساىم في تغيير نمط الحياة لمسكان

وخفض الن ا زعات والحروب القبمية.خرجت الد ا رسة بعدة توصيات أىميا: ضرورة الاىتمام بزيادة

استيعاب الأيدي العاممة المدربة وتعيين المؤىمين وأصحاب الكفاءات والشيادات العممية.الاىتمام

بإنشاء كل الم ا رفق الصحية والتعميمية والخدمية حول المصنع من اجل تحسين مستوي

المعيشة.العمل عمي قيام مزيد من المصانع في ولايات السودان الفقيرة. اج ا رء المزيد من

الد ا رسات العممية لمتعرف عمي اثر قيام الصناعات عمي سكان المنطقة وتعظيم الاستفادة منيا و

معالجة السمبيات التي تنتج عنيا

published in Egypt . J. of Appl. Sci., 30 (10) 2015

  • The Effect of Gum Arabic Exports on Foreign Trade in Suda n: An Analytical Study (1992-2012)

 The research aimed to identify the effect of Gum Arabic exports on Sudan’s foreign trade, as well as to find out the problems and constraints of production, processing, and marketing of Gum Arabic, and try to develop scientific solutions to them. The research adopted both the descriptive analytical and the Ordinary Least Squares  (OLS) methods. The main finding of the research imphasise that Gum Arabic exports positively and significantly affect Sudan’s foreign trade during the study period (1992- 2012). The deterioration of Gum Arabic production in Sudan is due to weak infrastructure, lack of basic services and drinking water, and the fact that production areas are far from markets. In addition to low returns of producers from Gum Arabic, emergence of brokers and traders in the acquisition of production, low quality of products, poor manufacturing, low prices, multiplicity of fees internally and at the level of custom points at export ports, and weakness of propaganda, have contributed to the decline in standards and therefore production volatility. Furthermore, foreign cartels control of Gum Arabic exports for generations led to a fall in exports, had an effect on raw material standards and encouraged the smuggling of Gum Arabic to neighboring African countries. The most important recommendation of the research include: giving more attention to Gum Arabic production areas and producers through a strategy agreed upon by all to increase both the quality and quantity of productivity and to protect the market from annual variations and from collapse. The research also recommends developing the performance of Gum Arabic Company and strengthening its role, unification of external marketing channels with other companies, prohibition of speculation in this strategic commodity under the regulatory role of the ministry of foreign trade and the ministry of industry and investment, and continous assessment of Gum Arabic manufacturing policies in such a way as to strengthen its role and to replace exports of raw Gum Arabic.

 

published in مجلة الجزيرة للعلوم الاقتصادية والاجتماعية

  • Some Economics Determinants of Non-Oil Exports in Sudan: An Empirical Investigation (1990-2012)

Foreign direct investment (FDI) is considered as the major source of external finance for many developing countries to achieve growth of private sector and sustainable development goals. This research evaluated from an empirical point of view some of the economic determinants of FDI in Sudan over the period (1990-2013). The importance of this research comes from the importance of FDI, which has become an important source of the private external finance for the developing countries, helps transferring production technology, skills and innovation capacity. The objective of this research is to investigate from an empirical point of view, some economic determinants of FDI in Sudan. For this purpose, ordinary least squared (OLS) method is applied to annual time series data to estimate along-linear relationship between FDI on the one hand and a set of explanatory variable on the other hand. Data were obtained from Bank of Sudan annual reports, Central Bureau of Statistics and Federal Ministry of Investment. The regression results suggest that exchange rate, transportation and communication, and oil exploration are the major determinants of FDI in Sudan through the period of research, while the growth rate of real gross domestic product and openness play insignificant role in effecting at FDI. These results may be attributed to the formula of FDI in Sudan, which adopted to encourage foreign investors to invest for re-exporting to market at home or in third countries. Research recommended, keeping the stability of the exchange rate, to make concentration of energy sector, improving the infrastructure, concentration of FDI in the productive sectors such as the agricultural and the industrial sectors, facilitating procedures for the foreign investor.
Key words: Evaluation Factors, FDI, Sudan.

published in journal of business studies quarterly

  • Evaluation of Foreign Direct Investment Inflow in Sudan: An Empirical Investigation (1990-2013)

Foreign direct investment (FDI) is considered as the major source of external finance for many developing countries to achieve growth of private sector and sustainable development goals. This research evaluated from an empirical point of view some of the economic determinants of FDI in Sudan over the period (1990-2013). The importance of this research comes from the importance of FDI, which has become an important source of the private external finance for the developing countries, helps transferring production technology, skills and innovation capacity. The objective of this research is to investigate from an empirical point of view, some economic determinants of FDI in Sudan. For this purpose, ordinary least squared (OLS) method is applied to annual time series data to estimate along-linear relationship between FDI on the one hand and a set of explanatory variable on the other hand. Data were obtained from Bank of Sudan annual reports, Central Bureau of Statistics and Federal Ministry of Investment. The regression results suggest that exchange rate, transportation and communication, and oil exploration are the major determinants of FDI in Sudan through the period of research, while the growth rate of real gross domestic product and openness play insignificant role in effecting at FDI. These results may be attributed to the formula of FDI in Sudan, which adopted to encourage foreign investors to invest for re-exporting to market at home or in third countries. Research recommended, keeping the stability of the exchange rate, to make concentration of energy sector, improving the infrastructure, concentration of FDI in the productive sectors such as the agricultural and the industrial sectors, facilitating procedures for the foreign investor.
Key words: Evaluation Factors, FDI, Sudan.

published in journal of business studies quarterly

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