النشر العلمي

  • Development of a computerized simulation model for the prediction of daily fluctuating in soil moisture content. .

published in Gezira Journal of Agricultural Science Vol: 2(2), 2004

  • Perceived Service Quality and Customer Satisfaction in Banking Performance: An Empirical Study in Sudanese Agricultural Bank, Wad Medani Branch, Sudan (2015)

Abstract
This study aimed at identifying the Agricultural Bank of Sudan customers’ assessment of the service quality provided by the bank using
SERVQUAL measurement model which is concerned with the gap theory which states that the level of the service quality from the customers’
viewpoint is measured by the difference between the actual service quality (the actual performance) and the expected service quality. So that
if the actual performance equals or greater than the expected, the quality will be satisfactory or optimum and if the performance is lower than
expected level, the quality will be unsatisfactory and below expectation level. The study also aimed at identifying the relative importance of quality
standards that customers use when evaluating the service quality. The size of the study sample was (252) customers from the bank’s customers of
the Agricultural Bank of Sudan, a branch of Wad Medani town was selected out of a total of (739) customers, and then they were interviewed. The
study results indicated that customers’ evaluation of the actual service quality was generally positive, however, it doesn’t reach the level of their
expectation. The study also indicated that customers give greater relative importance for sympathy dimension when evaluating the provided service
quality. Te reliability, assurance, response and finally the tangible elements they came in the second. Te study recommendations include the
necessity of improving the provided service quality by the bank to reach or exceed customers’ expectation for preserving the actual bank’s customers
and gain their loyalty and attract potential customers through the adoption of service quality as a strategy for competition and excellence. This will
act to improve the competitive status of the bank and increasing its profitability 

published in GSL Journal of Banking and Finance

  • Measurements of Heat Capacity from Lattice Vibrations of Solids by Using Debye Model
Abstract Heat capacity is a measurable physical quantity that characterizes the ability of a body to store heat as it temperature changes, it is defined as the amount of heat that changes the temperature of the body at the given conditions. The objectives of this work are the study of total energy of the phonon at temperature T, heat capacity of solids and Debye heat capacity model. The solid sample of metal such as (Al, Cu and Fe) of weight 0.25 Kg in an electric heater inserted completely inside a deep hole into the metal and a thermometer inside another deep hole. Both heater and thermometer must make good thermal contact with the sample. The metal was by an insulator. The theory of specific heat in solids shows that specific heat capacity for a material normally increases with temperature, due to the change in substance structure, more precisely, it depends on how many degrees of freedom are available in the substance particles, where a degree of freedom is a form of energy in which is stored in the object. Results show that, the average heat capacity of samples, at different temperatures from are (Al=982.1140 Cu =4740.3262 and Fe =241.9965 ), take the uncertainties for the different measurements showed that accuracy depended very little on the sample. All though Debye heat capacity model is the best theoretical model to study the heat capacity in solids, modern research has revealed some discrepancy in the model at low temperatures and that Debye´s temperature is not a constant, but varies with temperature.

published in (International Journal of Scientific Engineering and Applied Science (IJSEAS

  • Evaluation of a Precision Planter on Direct Seeding of Onion

    

    
              
      
                         
                                  
        
               
              
             

    
             
      
                         
                                 
        
               
              

    

    
              
      
                         
                                  
        
               
              
          
      
                  
            
                   
 

    

    
              
      
                         
                                  
        
               
              
              

    
              
      
                         
                                  
        
               
              
          
      
                  
            
                   
 

      
                  
            
                   
 

 

          
      
                 
            
                  
 

      
                  
            
                   
 

published in Lambert Publihing House

  • عقد إجارة الأشخاص في الفقه الإسلامي (دراسة مقارنة)

مستخلص:

في هذه الدراسة سوف أتناول مفهوم عقد إجارة الأشخاص في الفقه الإسلامي، وذلك  بتعريف عقد الإجارة الأشخاص في اللغة والإصطلاح الفقهي، ومن ثم تطور عقد الإجارة في الشريعة الإسلامية وأهميتها، وبعد ذلك أتعرض لتمييز عقد إجارة الأشخاص في الفقه الإسلامي عن غيره من العقود المشابهة له – مثل عقد إجارة الأعيان، وعقد الوكالة، وعقد المقاولة، وعقد البيع- ومن ثم نتناول أركان عقد الإجارة الأشخاص، وذلك بتناول ركن الصيغة وركن العاقدين، وبعد ذلك أذكر عدد من النتائج والتوصيات التي توصلت إليها من هذه الدراسة .

ومن أهم النتائج التي توصل إليها الباحث أن هناك بعض المسائل والأحكام التي باتت تفرضها مستجدات ومعطيات التطور في القرن الماضي، تحتاج الى معالجة، كالأحكام والضوابط المتعلقة بتنظيم الإجازات وساعات العمل والراحة وإصابات العمل، وغيرها، إذ تبدو الحاجة لبيان موقف الشريعة الإسلامية منها، بغية تبنيها وإدراجها ضمن أحكام القوانين المـــتــــعــلقة بالعمل، وهــــــو ما يجعل بــــدوره الشريعة الإسلامـــــية مصــــــدراً لتلك القوانين، ومن أهم التوصيات التي أوصي بها ضرورة البحث في المسائل المستجدة في العصر الحديث من خلال أحكام الفقه الإسلامي، وذلك لإيجاد قواعد وأحكام لهذه المستجدات ووجود أساس شرعي لها، حتي تتماشي مع العصر الحالي. والنظر الي أهمية العمل في الحياة الإجتماعية والإقتصادية، والحث على بث روح الإجتهاد وسط أفراد المجتمع، وذلك للعمل على نهضة البلاد وتقدمها، والعمل بما جاء في الكتاب والسنة من أوامر بالعمل والسعي للكسب المشروع .

Abstract

In this study I have talked about the contract of rent of persons in  Islamic concept , by studying the definition of the rent of persons' contract from linguistic and ternological point of view , and its importance and after that to discriminate it of the similar contracts   such estate's rent contract  , agency contract , contractor contract and sail contract.

 After that I talk about its  mportance and alter that to discriminate it of the othe siniclar conuracts such as estete's rent contract , agency contract conractor's  contract and  sail contract after that l talk about its principles text puinciple and contractat's parties principle up to mention the results . and recommendations of this study :-

Results : there are some question and rules has been important to be changed according to the progress of life to cope with this progress to organize holidays , work's hours , breacks and work injures – etc , so it is necessary to explain the view of Islamic shariah in it to be implied among regulations that rule the work , and this make the sharriah is a source of these rules .

And the most important recommendations the necessity of searching the new question in the modern era through Islamic purisprudence rules to find basis and regulations for these new questions and needs to provide it with legal foundation to cope with the current age :

The importunt of work in soual ard econical lile and to encourage the soul of seviossness among society indevduds  to deuetop the country . 

published in مجلة تأصيل العلوم- جامعة القرآن الكريم وتأصيل العلوم- ودمدني

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