النشر العلمي

  • معوقات التطور المهني لدى أعضاء هيئة التدريس بكليات القطاع الصحي جامعة الجزيرة, السودان

Professional development sustains staff competence through continuing improvement of knowledge, skills and performance. The aim of this study was to explore the barriers towards continuing professional development (CPD) activities among the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in University of Gezira. It was a descriptive exploratory, cross-sectional, study including all the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in Wad-Medani city, University of Gezira. Questionnaire was designed to include, personal data, interest in CPD, internet services, and work-overload. Questions about different activities of CPD were included, e.g. research conduction over the past four years, reading of scientific journals and publishing of scientific papers and facilitation of these activities. On top of that, questions regarding, financial problem and the barriers, facing the academic staff towards performing CPD activities. It was found that, almost all teachers (96%) were interested in CPD. These courses were facilitated by the university according to 72% of the staff members. Internet services at the office were available to 55% of the teachers. 69% of the staff members admitted that, the university did not facilitate or support researches; as they expected despite this 62.5% of the staff members conducted a research over the past four years. In 75% clinical load affect research output. Only 45% of the staff read scientific journals regularly. 47.5% of the staff members did not publish any scientific papers over the past four years while 17.5% published more than four papers. The barriers towards publishing scientific papers were: lack of time in 54% the staff members, financial in 21%, family commitment in 14% and journal availability in 11%. It was found that, the strongest barriers to be engaged in professional development activities were as follows: financial, lack of time, work-overload. This was followed by family commitment, child care and lastly lack of motivation and interest. CPD can succeed only in settings, or contexts, that support it. Commitment and support from administrators is vital for success of CPD activities.

published in PARIPEX-Indian Journal of Research, volume:5-Issue:4, April,2016,ISSN-2250-1991

  • موقف وإدراك أعضاء هيئة التدريس من كليات القطاع الصحي في جامعة الجزيرة, السودان نحو أنشطة التطور المهني

Professional development sustains staff competence through continuing improvement of knowledge, skills and performance. Notable improvements in education almost never take place in the absence of continuing professional development (CPD). The aim of this study is to assess attitude and perception of the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in University of Gezira towards professional development activities. It was a descriptive exploratory, cross-sectional, study including all the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in Wad-Medani city, University of Gezira. Questionnaire was designed to include, personal data, interest and motivation for CPD, internet services, cause of promotion and work-overload. Questions about different activities of CPD were included, e.g. number of courses or workshops being attended, research conduction over the past four years, and reading of scientific journals, and facilitation of these activities. It was found that, almost all teachers (96%) were interested in CPD. Over half (53%) of the academic staff attended more than 6 courses or workshops about CPD, 47% of the staff members preferred combined experts facilitator from the institute and from outside for CPD courses/workshops. These courses/workshops were facilitated by the university according to 72% of the staff members. 69% of the staff members admitted that, the university did not facilitate or support researches; as they expected despite this 62.5% of the staff members conducted a research over the past four years and 45% of the staff members had been promoted because of research. Only 45% of the staff read scientific journals regularly. Commitment and support from administrators is vital for success of CPD activities.Professional development sustains staff competence through continuing improvement of knowledge, skills and performance. Notable improvements in education almost never take place in the absence of continuing professional development (CPD). The aim of this study is to assess attitude and perception of the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in University of Gezira towards professional development activities. It was a descriptive exploratory, cross-sectional, study including all the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in Wad-Medani city, University of Gezira. Questionnaire was designed to include, personal data, interest and motivation for CPD, internet services, cause of promotion and work-overload. Questions about different activities of CPD were included, e.g. number of courses or workshops being attended, research conduction over the past four years, and reading of scientific journals, and facilitation of these activities. It was found that, almost all teachers (96%) were interested in CPD. Over half (53%) of the academic staff attended more than 6 courses or workshops about CPD, 47% of the staff members preferred combined experts facilitator from the institute and from outside for CPD courses/workshops. These courses/workshops were facilitated by the university according to 72% of the staff members. 69% of the staff members admitted that, the university did not facilitate or support researches; as they expected despite this 62.5% of the staff members conducted a research over the past four years and 45% of the staff members had been promoted because of research. Only 45% of the staff read scientific journals regularly. Commitment and support from administrators is vital for success of CPD activities.Professional development sustains staff competence through continuing improvement of knowledge, skills and performance. Notable improvements in education almost never take place in the absence of continuing professional development (CPD). The aim of this study is to assess attitude and perception of the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in University of Gezira towards professional development activities. It was a descriptive exploratory, cross-sectional, study including all the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in Wad-Medani city, University of Gezira. Questionnaire was designed to include, personal data, interest and motivation for CPD, internet services, cause of promotion and work-overload. Questions about different activities of CPD were included, e.g. number of courses or workshops being attended, research conduction over the past four years, and reading of scientific journals, and facilitation of these activities. It was found that, almost all teachers (96%) were interested in CPD. Over half (53%) of the academic staff attended more than 6 courses or workshops about CPD, 47% of the staff members preferred combined experts facilitator from the institute and from outside for CPD courses/workshops. These courses/workshops were facilitated by the university according to 72% of the staff members. 69% of the staff members admitted that, the university did not facilitate or support researches; as they expected despite this 62.5% of the staff members conducted a research over the past four years and 45% of the staff members had been promoted because of research. Only 45% of the staff read scientific journals regularly. Commitment and support from administrators is vital for success of CPD activities.Professional development sustains staff competence through continuing improvement of knowledge, skills and performance. Notable improvements in education almost never take place in the absence of continuing professional development (CPD). The aim of this study is to assess attitude and perception of the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in University of Gezira towards professional development activities. It was a descriptive exploratory, cross-sectional, study including all the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in Wad-Medani city, University of Gezira. Questionnaire was designed to include, personal data, interest and motivation for CPD, internet services, cause of promotion and work-overload. Questions about different activities of CPD were included, e.g. number of courses or workshops being attended, research conduction over the past four years, and reading of scientific journals, and facilitation of these activities. It was found that, almost all teachers (96%) were interested in CPD. Over half (53%) of the academic staff attended more than 6 courses or workshops about CPD, 47% of the staff members preferred combined experts facilitator from the institute and from outside for CPD courses/workshops. These courses/workshops were facilitated by the university according to 72% of the staff members. 69% of the staff members admitted that, the university did not facilitate or support researches; as they expected despite this 62.5% of the staff members conducted a research over the past four years and 45% of the staff members had been promoted because of research. Only 45% of the staff read scientific journals regularly. Commitment and support from administrators is vital for success of CPD activities.

published in GJRA-Global volume-5,Issue-4, April-2016 : 228-230. ISNN, No.2277-8160.

  • . تسوس الأسنان عند أطفال المدارس عمر 12 سنة في محلية ودمدني الكبرى, و تقييم العوامل الاجتماعية والاقتصادية

Few studies have investigated the prevalence of dental caries among school children in the past decades in Sudan
rendering it difficult to understand the status and pattern of oral health.
Methods
A school-based cross sectional study was conducted using stratified random cluster sampling in Wadmedani Elkobra locality, Gazira state, which
is located in the centre of Sudan.
Data was collected through interviews and clinical examination by a single examiner. DMFT was measured according to WHO criteria and data
was analyzed using SPSS.
Results
The mean DMFT for 12-year-olds was found to be 1.17(SD=1.26) with a significant caries index (SiC) of 2.66. Female gender had significantly
higher DMFT (1.4) when compared to male gender (0.94). Caries free was 41.38 %( n=331), while the decayed teeth accounted for the largest
component of DMFT 97.76%, care index (filled) was 1.7% and extracted 2.03 %. Private schools recorded significant higher DMFT compared to
public schools (1.43 vs 1.10) p >0.001. In chi-square and (phi and cramers) caries experience (DMFT > 0) was found to be statistically significantly
and associated with some socioeconomic variables.
Conclusion
The prevalence of caries was found to be low.

published in GJRA-Global Journal For Research Analysis, volume-4,Issue-6, June-2015: 379-390. ISNN, No.2277-8160

  • The Effect of Malting Conditions on the Production of Non alcoholic Sorghum Malt Beverage

The present study aimed to investigate the effect of malting conditions on malt quality to produce non-alcoholic sorghum malt beverage. Feterita sorghum cultivar was used to prepare the sorghum malt. Malting was carried out at two different temperatures of 25°C and 30°C for 4 and 5 days under air-rest and non-aerated conditions. Germination percentage was determined after germinating in an incubator at 30°C for 72 hours. The quality of sorghum malt in terms of malting losses, total loss, diastatic power and α and β amylase was examined. Malted grains germinated for 5 days at 30°C under non-aerated conditions had a greater effect on sorghum malt quality. For germination percentage, the results were 98% and 50% for maximum steep-out moisture. It is concluded that effective use of germination to process sorghum grain for beverage would require a control of the temperature and time. More research is needed in order to understand the adjustments made with different stages of processing of malted beverages.

published in International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Engineering

  • Effect of Hibiscus sabdarifffa calyx extract on reproductive hormones in normal rats

published in African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

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