النشر العلمي

  • Assessment of Guneid Sugar FactorySocial Impact

 Sugar is one of the most important and oldest commodities in the world. In the Sudan, there are two types of sugar estates; public and private. Sugar industry in the Sudan is one of the  important and effective industries for the Sudanese economy. In addition, sugar cane production schemes in the Sudan are very effective with regard to community development and wealth distribution. The objective of this study was to assess the social impacts of Guneid Sugar Factory which is a public and first sugar factory in the Sudan. Like other sugar factories, Guneid Sugar Factory has a significant role in the Sudan economy, as well as in the social development of the area.  This factory differs slightly from all sugar factories in Sudan, because it operates by tenants who belonged to Gezira Scheme before the establishment of the factory. The study used primary data through a questionnaire with a random sample from Guneid tenants and used descriptive statistics for analysis. The study showed that the scheme substantially contributed to the establishment of schools, health centers, hospitals, provision of electricity, healthy drinking water and increased the income of inhabitants. The study concluded that, Guneid is providing excellent social services that have apparent contribution to the improvement of the livelihood of the communities.

published in مجلة الجزيرة للعلوم الزراعية

  • نمط دخول مرضى السكري المنومين في مستشفى ودمدني التعليمي بالسودان في فترة عام واحد

  Diabetes mellitus is increasingly becoming a major chronic disease burden all over the world. This requires a shift in healthcare priorities and up-to-date data on the epidemiology and impact of diabetes in all regions of the world to help plan and prioritize health programs. Type 2 diabetes is increasingly becoming a major chronic disease health burden in Africa. The aim of this study was to assess the pattern of diabetic admission and outcome; in Wad-Medani Teaching Hospital in Sudan, in one year period (January–December 2014), mainly the presenting characteristics of diabetic patients (demographic and clinical), the main causes of admissions of diabetic patients and the outcome of these admissions. It was a retrospective study of medical records of patients with DM, admitted to internal medicine department in Wad-Medani Teaching Hospital in the period of January to December 2014. It was found, that; 9.6 % of the total admissions in medical wards in Wad-Medani teaching hospital during the study period were due to diabetes. The mean age of the diabetic patients was 57 years with SD of 15 years.55% were females and 45% were males. 62% of diabetic patients were from rural area and 38% from urban area. 62% of patients had type 2, diabetes. The commonest cause of admission was, uncontrolled hyperglycemia in 31% of patients, and 15% were admitted because of diabetic ketoacidosis. Cardiovascular diseases constituted 18% of diabetic admissions, and 13% of diabetic patients where admitted because of infections.  The majority (85%) of these patients were improved. The findings of this study would be useful to determine the burden of diabetes on the health care system and in the planning of appropriate management strategies for diabetic patients, so we recommend, improving of the quality of primary care services and specialized health centres for diabetic patients all over the country, especially in rural areas. There should be health education programmes in the heath centres, referred clinics and in the media.

published in IJSR-International Journal of Scientific Reseach,volume5, issue9, September 2016, ISSN No 2277-8179 | IF 3.508 | IC value 69.48

  • تقريرحالة : نقص الكالسيوم بالدم بسبب قصور الغدة جارة الدرقية كسبب نادر لاعتلال عضلة القلب التمددي

      Postoperative hypocalcemia caused by hypoparathyroidism is one of the most common morbidities of total thyroidectomy. Hypoparathyroidism is associated with chronic hypocalcaemia which can have a variety of manifestations including cardiovascular changes. Hypocalcemia is very rare reversible cause of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) which can concern one or both ventricles.  In this article, we present a case of iatrogenic hypoparathyroidism leading to hypocalcaemia, associated with systolic dysfunction of left ventricle presenting as congestive cardiac failure due to dilated cardiomyopathy in addition to other manifestations of hypocalcaemia. After treatment of heart failure and calcium-vitamin D supplementation, signs and symptoms of heart failure improved rapidly.

Keywords: Hypocalcaemia, hypoparathyroidism, dilated cardiomyopathy

published in Gezira Journal of Health Sciences Dec2015 Volume 11

  • تطوير وتحديث منهج بكالوريوس كلية طب الأسنان, جامعة الجزيرة, السودان, بالعام 2012م

 Faculty of Dentistry was established in 2001 in Wad Medani City the capital of Gezira State. It was the first dental faculty been established outside the Khartoum the capital of Sudan. The first batch (batch 24) was graduated in 2007.The curriculum is community oriented problem base and problem solving .Many courses are studied with medical student particularly basic sciences as part of integeration between the two faculties. The Faculty philosophy is the Gezira University philosophy which is built on three pillars , training , service .and research. There is strong partnership between Faculty of Dentistry and Ministry of Health.This partnership has bilateral benefits.

 First curriculum of the faculty was designed and jmplimented in 2001.The present curriculum is bachelor of Oral/Dental Sciences (BDS) in Dentistry. The number of academic semesters is ten, the academic courses is (69) and credit hours is (231). The article describe how the task was managed and how the curriculum was developed, as well as its objective, strategies methodology and process. It also includes the major changes in the new curriculum .

 

 

published in Gezira Journal of Health Sciences Dec2015 Volume 11

  • تأثير الجنس على أنشطة التنمية المهنية بين أعضاء هيئة التدريس في كليات القطاع الصحي في جامعة الجزيرة، السودان

Professional development sustains staff competence through continuing improvement of knowledge, skills and performance. Notable improvements in education almost never take place in the absence of continuing professional development (CPD).The aim of this study was to assess the impact of gender on professional development activities among the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in University of Gezira. It was a descriptive exploratory, cross-sectional, study including all the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in University of Gezira. Questionnaire was designed to include, personal data, interest and motivation for CPD. Questions about different activities of CPD were included, e.g. number of courses or workshop being attended, research conduction over the past four years, reading of scientific journals and publishing of scientific papers and facilitation of these activities. It was found that, almost all teachers (96%) were interested in CPD.  Over half (53%) of the academic staff attended more than 6 courses or workshops about CPD. Only 45% of the staff read scientific journals regularly. There were significant differences in reading scientific journals regularly and publishing scientific papers between males and females, with P-value of 0.005, and 0.00 respectively . CPD can succeed only in settings, or contexts, that support it. Commitment and support from administrators is vital for success of CPD activities

published in IJSR-International Journal of Scientific Reseach,volume-5-Issue:5, May 2016, 106-108,ISSN, No.2277-8179.

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