النشر العلمي

  • تأثير الجنس على أنشطة التنمية المهنية بين أعضاء هيئة التدريس في كليات القطاع الصحي في جامعة الجزيرة، السودان

Professional development sustains staff competence through continuing improvement of knowledge, skills and performance. Notable improvements in education almost never take place in the absence of continuing professional development (CPD).The aim of this study was to assess the impact of gender on professional development activities among the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in University of Gezira. It was a descriptive exploratory, cross-sectional, study including all the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in University of Gezira. Questionnaire was designed to include, personal data, interest and motivation for CPD. Questions about different activities of CPD were included, e.g. number of courses or workshop being attended, research conduction over the past four years, reading of scientific journals and publishing of scientific papers and facilitation of these activities. It was found that, almost all teachers (96%) were interested in CPD.  Over half (53%) of the academic staff attended more than 6 courses or workshops about CPD. Only 45% of the staff read scientific journals regularly. There were significant differences in reading scientific journals regularly and publishing scientific papers between males and females, with P-value of 0.005, and 0.00 respectively . CPD can succeed only in settings, or contexts, that support it. Commitment and support from administrators is vital for success of CPD activities

published in IJSR-International Journal of Scientific Reseach,volume-5-Issue:5, May 2016, 106-108,ISSN, No.2277-8179.

  • معوقات التطور المهني لدى أعضاء هيئة التدريس بكليات القطاع الصحي جامعة الجزيرة, السودان

Professional development sustains staff competence through continuing improvement of knowledge, skills and performance. The aim of this study was to explore the barriers towards continuing professional development (CPD) activities among the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in University of Gezira. It was a descriptive exploratory, cross-sectional, study including all the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in Wad-Medani city, University of Gezira. Questionnaire was designed to include, personal data, interest in CPD, internet services, and work-overload. Questions about different activities of CPD were included, e.g. research conduction over the past four years, reading of scientific journals and publishing of scientific papers and facilitation of these activities. On top of that, questions regarding, financial problem and the barriers, facing the academic staff towards performing CPD activities. It was found that, almost all teachers (96%) were interested in CPD. These courses were facilitated by the university according to 72% of the staff members. Internet services at the office were available to 55% of the teachers. 69% of the staff members admitted that, the university did not facilitate or support researches; as they expected despite this 62.5% of the staff members conducted a research over the past four years. In 75% clinical load affect research output. Only 45% of the staff read scientific journals regularly. 47.5% of the staff members did not publish any scientific papers over the past four years while 17.5% published more than four papers. The barriers towards publishing scientific papers were: lack of time in 54% the staff members, financial in 21%, family commitment in 14% and journal availability in 11%. It was found that, the strongest barriers to be engaged in professional development activities were as follows: financial, lack of time, work-overload. This was followed by family commitment, child care and lastly lack of motivation and interest. CPD can succeed only in settings, or contexts, that support it. Commitment and support from administrators is vital for success of CPD activities.

published in PARIPEX-Indian Journal of Research, volume:5-Issue:4, April,2016,ISSN-2250-1991

  • Control Strategy of Vinyl Chloride Production from Ethylene

  Abstract
The production of Vinyl Chloride (VC) from Ethylene dichloride (EDC) was investigated and the control strategy was developed, the process flow sheet consisted of two reactors one for the direct chlorination and the other for the oxychlorination process, furnace for thermal cracking and two separation columns. Each control loop was taken separately and its transfer function was developed. The characteristic equation was determined and used in Routh Array to determine the ultimate gain (Ku), and the ultimate period (Pu) was determined by direct substitution. Then the open loop transfer function for each loop was developed and used in Root locus and Bode plot using MATLAB format. The ultimate gains and period were used to get the average values which were introduced in Ziegler-Nichols table to get adjustable parameters. It is concluded that the manufacture of VC is important in the petrochemical industry and its quality need to be controlled. The reaction is exothermic and the temperature is controlled to the optimum temperature, this is introduced as the set point. The three methods of Routh, Root locus and Bode are identical and they are almost giving the same tuning parameters, however the average was taken to give more precise and correct results. The responses obtained simulate the system with (Rise time, Peak amplitude. Over shoot Settling time, Final value and Period of oscillation). Finally the system was checked for stability using the adjustable parameters obtained. All the systems were found to be stable, this is expected as the value of Kc was used after tuning. 
Keywords: Vinyl chloride (VC), stability, tuning, and simulation 

 

 

published in Gezira j. of Eng. & applied Sci.

  • موقف وإدراك أعضاء هيئة التدريس من كليات القطاع الصحي في جامعة الجزيرة, السودان نحو أنشطة التطور المهني

Professional development sustains staff competence through continuing improvement of knowledge, skills and performance. Notable improvements in education almost never take place in the absence of continuing professional development (CPD). The aim of this study is to assess attitude and perception of the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in University of Gezira towards professional development activities. It was a descriptive exploratory, cross-sectional, study including all the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in Wad-Medani city, University of Gezira. Questionnaire was designed to include, personal data, interest and motivation for CPD, internet services, cause of promotion and work-overload. Questions about different activities of CPD were included, e.g. number of courses or workshops being attended, research conduction over the past four years, and reading of scientific journals, and facilitation of these activities. It was found that, almost all teachers (96%) were interested in CPD. Over half (53%) of the academic staff attended more than 6 courses or workshops about CPD, 47% of the staff members preferred combined experts facilitator from the institute and from outside for CPD courses/workshops. These courses/workshops were facilitated by the university according to 72% of the staff members. 69% of the staff members admitted that, the university did not facilitate or support researches; as they expected despite this 62.5% of the staff members conducted a research over the past four years and 45% of the staff members had been promoted because of research. Only 45% of the staff read scientific journals regularly. Commitment and support from administrators is vital for success of CPD activities.Professional development sustains staff competence through continuing improvement of knowledge, skills and performance. Notable improvements in education almost never take place in the absence of continuing professional development (CPD). The aim of this study is to assess attitude and perception of the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in University of Gezira towards professional development activities. It was a descriptive exploratory, cross-sectional, study including all the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in Wad-Medani city, University of Gezira. Questionnaire was designed to include, personal data, interest and motivation for CPD, internet services, cause of promotion and work-overload. Questions about different activities of CPD were included, e.g. number of courses or workshops being attended, research conduction over the past four years, and reading of scientific journals, and facilitation of these activities. It was found that, almost all teachers (96%) were interested in CPD. Over half (53%) of the academic staff attended more than 6 courses or workshops about CPD, 47% of the staff members preferred combined experts facilitator from the institute and from outside for CPD courses/workshops. These courses/workshops were facilitated by the university according to 72% of the staff members. 69% of the staff members admitted that, the university did not facilitate or support researches; as they expected despite this 62.5% of the staff members conducted a research over the past four years and 45% of the staff members had been promoted because of research. Only 45% of the staff read scientific journals regularly. Commitment and support from administrators is vital for success of CPD activities.Professional development sustains staff competence through continuing improvement of knowledge, skills and performance. Notable improvements in education almost never take place in the absence of continuing professional development (CPD). The aim of this study is to assess attitude and perception of the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in University of Gezira towards professional development activities. It was a descriptive exploratory, cross-sectional, study including all the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in Wad-Medani city, University of Gezira. Questionnaire was designed to include, personal data, interest and motivation for CPD, internet services, cause of promotion and work-overload. Questions about different activities of CPD were included, e.g. number of courses or workshops being attended, research conduction over the past four years, and reading of scientific journals, and facilitation of these activities. It was found that, almost all teachers (96%) were interested in CPD. Over half (53%) of the academic staff attended more than 6 courses or workshops about CPD, 47% of the staff members preferred combined experts facilitator from the institute and from outside for CPD courses/workshops. These courses/workshops were facilitated by the university according to 72% of the staff members. 69% of the staff members admitted that, the university did not facilitate or support researches; as they expected despite this 62.5% of the staff members conducted a research over the past four years and 45% of the staff members had been promoted because of research. Only 45% of the staff read scientific journals regularly. Commitment and support from administrators is vital for success of CPD activities.Professional development sustains staff competence through continuing improvement of knowledge, skills and performance. Notable improvements in education almost never take place in the absence of continuing professional development (CPD). The aim of this study is to assess attitude and perception of the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in University of Gezira towards professional development activities. It was a descriptive exploratory, cross-sectional, study including all the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in Wad-Medani city, University of Gezira. Questionnaire was designed to include, personal data, interest and motivation for CPD, internet services, cause of promotion and work-overload. Questions about different activities of CPD were included, e.g. number of courses or workshops being attended, research conduction over the past four years, and reading of scientific journals, and facilitation of these activities. It was found that, almost all teachers (96%) were interested in CPD. Over half (53%) of the academic staff attended more than 6 courses or workshops about CPD, 47% of the staff members preferred combined experts facilitator from the institute and from outside for CPD courses/workshops. These courses/workshops were facilitated by the university according to 72% of the staff members. 69% of the staff members admitted that, the university did not facilitate or support researches; as they expected despite this 62.5% of the staff members conducted a research over the past four years and 45% of the staff members had been promoted because of research. Only 45% of the staff read scientific journals regularly. Commitment and support from administrators is vital for success of CPD activities.Professional development sustains staff competence through continuing improvement of knowledge, skills and performance. Notable improvements in education almost never take place in the absence of continuing professional development (CPD). The aim of this study is to assess attitude and perception of the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in University of Gezira towards professional development activities. It was a descriptive exploratory, cross-sectional, study including all the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in Wad-Medani city, University of Gezira. Questionnaire was designed to include, personal data, interest and motivation for CPD, internet services, cause of promotion and work-overload. Questions about different activities of CPD were included, e.g. number of courses or workshops being attended, research conduction over the past four years, and reading of scientific journals, and facilitation of these activities. It was found that, almost all teachers (96%) were interested in CPD. Over half (53%) of the academic staff attended more than 6 courses or workshops about CPD, 47% of the staff members preferred combined experts facilitator from the institute and from outside for CPD courses/workshops. These courses/workshops were facilitated by the university according to 72% of the staff members. 69% of the staff members admitted that, the university did not facilitate or support researches; as they expected despite this 62.5% of the staff members conducted a research over the past four years and 45% of the staff members had been promoted because of research. Only 45% of the staff read scientific journals regularly. Commitment and support from administrators is vital for success of CPD activities.Professional development sustains staff competence through continuing improvement of knowledge, skills and performance. Notable improvements in education almost never take place in the absence of continuing professional development (CPD). The aim of this study is to assess attitude and perception of the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in University of Gezira towards professional development activities. It was a descriptive exploratory, cross-sectional, study including all the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in Wad-Medani city, University of Gezira. Questionnaire was designed to include, personal data, interest and motivation for CPD, internet services, cause of promotion and work-overload. Questions about different activities of CPD were included, e.g. number of courses or workshops being attended, research conduction over the past four years, and reading of scientific journals, and facilitation of these activities. It was found that, almost all teachers (96%) were interested in CPD. Over half (53%) of the academic staff attended more than 6 courses or workshops about CPD, 47% of the staff members preferred combined experts facilitator from the institute and from outside for CPD courses/workshops. These courses/workshops were facilitated by the university according to 72% of the staff members. 69% of the staff members admitted that, the university did not facilitate or support researches; as they expected despite this 62.5% of the staff members conducted a research over the past four years and 45% of the staff members had been promoted because of research. Only 45% of the staff read scientific journals regularly. Commitment and support from administrators is vital for success of CPD activities.Professional development sustains staff competence through continuing improvement of knowledge, skills and performance. Notable improvements in education almost never take place in the absence of continuing professional development (CPD). The aim of this study is to assess attitude and perception of the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in University of Gezira towards professional development activities. It was a descriptive exploratory, cross-sectional, study including all the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in Wad-Medani city, University of Gezira. Questionnaire was designed to include, personal data, interest and motivation for CPD, internet services, cause of promotion and work-overload. Questions about different activities of CPD were included, e.g. number of courses or workshops being attended, research conduction over the past four years, and reading of scientific journals, and facilitation of these activities. It was found that, almost all teachers (96%) were interested in CPD. Over half (53%) of the academic staff attended more than 6 courses or workshops about CPD, 47% of the staff members preferred combined experts facilitator from the institute and from outside for CPD courses/workshops. These courses/workshops were facilitated by the university according to 72% of the staff members. 69% of the staff members admitted that, the university did not facilitate or support researches; as they expected despite this 62.5% of the staff members conducted a research over the past four years and 45% of the staff members had been promoted because of research. Only 45% of the staff read scientific journals regularly. Commitment and support from administrators is vital for success of CPD activities.Professional development sustains staff competence through continuing improvement of knowledge, skills and performance. Notable improvements in education almost never take place in the absence of continuing professional development (CPD). The aim of this study is to assess attitude and perception of the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in University of Gezira towards professional development activities. It was a descriptive exploratory, cross-sectional, study including all the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in Wad-Medani city, University of Gezira. Questionnaire was designed to include, personal data, interest and motivation for CPD, internet services, cause of promotion and work-overload. Questions about different activities of CPD were included, e.g. number of courses or workshops being attended, research conduction over the past four years, and reading of scientific journals, and facilitation of these activities. It was found that, almost all teachers (96%) were interested in CPD. Over half (53%) of the academic staff attended more than 6 courses or workshops about CPD, 47% of the staff members preferred combined experts facilitator from the institute and from outside for CPD courses/workshops. These courses/workshops were facilitated by the university according to 72% of the staff members. 69% of the staff members admitted that, the university did not facilitate or support researches; as they expected despite this 62.5% of the staff members conducted a research over the past four years and 45% of the staff members had been promoted because of research. Only 45% of the staff read scientific journals regularly. Commitment and support from administrators is vital for success of CPD activities.Professional development sustains staff competence through continuing improvement of knowledge, skills and performance. Notable improvements in education almost never take place in the absence of continuing professional development (CPD). The aim of this study is to assess attitude and perception of the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in University of Gezira towards professional development activities. It was a descriptive exploratory, cross-sectional, study including all the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in Wad-Medani city, University of Gezira. Questionnaire was designed to include, personal data, interest and motivation for CPD, internet services, cause of promotion and work-overload. Questions about different activities of CPD were included, e.g. number of courses or workshops being attended, research conduction over the past four years, and reading of scientific journals, and facilitation of these activities. It was found that, almost all teachers (96%) were interested in CPD. Over half (53%) of the academic staff attended more than 6 courses or workshops about CPD, 47% of the staff members preferred combined experts facilitator from the institute and from outside for CPD courses/workshops. These courses/workshops were facilitated by the university according to 72% of the staff members. 69% of the staff members admitted that, the university did not facilitate or support researches; as they expected despite this 62.5% of the staff members conducted a research over the past four years and 45% of the staff members had been promoted because of research. Only 45% of the staff read scientific journals regularly. Commitment and support from administrators is vital for success of CPD activities.Professional development sustains staff competence through continuing improvement of knowledge, skills and performance. Notable improvements in education almost never take place in the absence of continuing professional development (CPD). The aim of this study is to assess attitude and perception of the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in University of Gezira towards professional development activities. It was a descriptive exploratory, cross-sectional, study including all the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in Wad-Medani city, University of Gezira. Questionnaire was designed to include, personal data, interest and motivation for CPD, internet services, cause of promotion and work-overload. Questions about different activities of CPD were included, e.g. number of courses or workshops being attended, research conduction over the past four years, and reading of scientific journals, and facilitation of these activities. It was found that, almost all teachers (96%) were interested in CPD. Over half (53%) of the academic staff attended more than 6 courses or workshops about CPD, 47% of the staff members preferred combined experts facilitator from the institute and from outside for CPD courses/workshops. These courses/workshops were facilitated by the university according to 72% of the staff members. 69% of the staff members admitted that, the university did not facilitate or support researches; as they expected despite this 62.5% of the staff members conducted a research over the past four years and 45% of the staff members had been promoted because of research. Only 45% of the staff read scientific journals regularly. Commitment and support from administrators is vital for success of CPD activities.Professional development sustains staff competence through continuing improvement of knowledge, skills and performance. Notable improvements in education almost never take place in the absence of continuing professional development (CPD). The aim of this study is to assess attitude and perception of the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in University of Gezira towards professional development activities. It was a descriptive exploratory, cross-sectional, study including all the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in Wad-Medani city, University of Gezira. Questionnaire was designed to include, personal data, interest and motivation for CPD, internet services, cause of promotion and work-overload. Questions about different activities of CPD were included, e.g. number of courses or workshops being attended, research conduction over the past four years, and reading of scientific journals, and facilitation of these activities. It was found that, almost all teachers (96%) were interested in CPD. Over half (53%) of the academic staff attended more than 6 courses or workshops about CPD, 47% of the staff members preferred combined experts facilitator from the institute and from outside for CPD courses/workshops. These courses/workshops were facilitated by the university according to 72% of the staff members. 69% of the staff members admitted that, the university did not facilitate or support researches; as they expected despite this 62.5% of the staff members conducted a research over the past four years and 45% of the staff members had been promoted because of research. Only 45% of the staff read scientific journals regularly. Commitment and support from administrators is vital for success of CPD activities.Professional development sustains staff competence through continuing improvement of knowledge, skills and performance. Notable improvements in education almost never take place in the absence of continuing professional development (CPD). The aim of this study is to assess attitude and perception of the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in University of Gezira towards professional development activities. It was a descriptive exploratory, cross-sectional, study including all the academic staff of health sector faculties at Elrazi campus in Wad-Medani city, University of Gezira. Questionnaire was designed to include, personal data, interest and motivation for CPD, internet services, cause of promotion and work-overload. Questions about different activities of CPD were included, e.g. number of courses or workshops being attended, research conduction over the past four years, and reading of scientific journals, and facilitation of these activities. It was found that, almost all teachers (96%) were interested in CPD. Over half (53%) of the academic staff attended more than 6 courses or workshops about CPD, 47% of the staff members preferred combined experts facilitator from the institute and from outside for CPD courses/workshops. These courses/workshops were facilitated by the university according to 72% of the staff members. 69% of the staff members admitted that, the university did not facilitate or support researches; as they expected despite this 62.5% of the staff members conducted a research over the past four years and 45% of the staff members had been promoted because of research. Only 45% of the staff read scientific journals regularly. Commitment and support from administrators is vital for success of CPD activities.

published in -Global volume-5,Issue-4, April-2016 : 228-230. ISNN, No.2277-8160

  • The role of micro-finance in empowering women in Eastern Gezira, Sudan

   Micro-finance represents a discipline that is gaining worldwide importance as a means of poverty alleviation and empowerment. This study aimed to assess the impact of microfinance on women’s empowerment in Eastern Gezira. For data collection, the study employed the snow ball to select purposive sampling of 30 women. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to generate the data, which was analyzed qualitatively. The study found that most of the women who had access to credit were engaged in traditional economic activities that led to strengthen their economic role in the family and increased their bargaining power and their positions in the household. In addition, access to credit provided the means to enhance the social role of the women in the community and establish their personal identity. Thus, the changes occurring through access to credit assisted to establish the women identity outside the family and expose them to multifaceted experiences that led to acquire self-confidence in the public sphere. Despite that, the gender roles within the families were not changed. Based on the findings of the study, it is recommended to conduct training courses for women in decision making process and management, establish mobile bank for women and provide technical and supervision programs.

 

published in لم تنشر بعد

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