النشر العلمي

  • اثر التدريب العملي على معرفة واتجاهات وممارسات الممرضات حول العناية التمريضية للاطفال حديثي الولادة بمستشفى الاطفال ومستشفى التوليد وامراض النساء -ودمدني 2010-2013

   

High risk newborns are neonates who have a greater chance of complications which lead to death. Neonatal Intensive Care is an nursing specialty and the nurses who work in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit should have additional training to prepare them for this role. This is an interventional hospital based study aimed at assessing the effect of training program on nurses’ knowledge, attitude and practice regarding neonatal nursing care in Pediatric and Obstetric and Gynecology Teaching Hospitals. The sample size consisted of (90) nurses that constituted the total coverage of study population during the period of the study from July 2010 – July 2013. The data was collected using assessment sheet  to evaluate nurses’ knowledge, modified likert attitude scale to evaluate nurses’ attitude and an observation checklist to monitor nurses’ performance when caring of preterm infant, neonates with respiratory distress syndrome and neonatal jaundice. The data was analyzed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS). The study results evident that the means of knowledge for all items of premature care, neonate with respiratory distress syndrome, neonatal jaundice and immunization of children were all significantly improved from 21% before the training program to 90% after intervention. P.value <0.05. The mean of the total percentages of nurses’ attitude regarding care of preterm infant, neonate with respiratory distress syndrome and neonatal jaundice were improved from 64.5% before the training program to 93.4% after intervention P. value 0.00. The mean of the total percentages of nurses’ performance was 32.6% before the training program and it was improved to 70% after the program P. value <0.05. The study concluded that there was a significant improvement in nurses’ knowledge attitude and practice regarding neonatal care after the training program. So the study recommended that continuing education program for nurses is very important, learning facilities (books, Journals) about neonatal care should be available at neonatal intensive care units. Supervision system should be developed by the hospital to monitor the nurses performance is necessary for quality assurance.

 

published in Impact of the Training Program on Nurses' Knowledge, Attitude and Practice regarding Neonatal Nursing Care in Obstetrics and Gynecology and Pediatric Teaching Hospitals at Wad Medani, Gezira State, Sudan (2010 - 2013)

  • تجربة قسم المبيدات والسميات الرائدة في مجال تطوير التعليم الزراعي بجامعة الجزيرة

ملخص الورقة

ترتكز الفلسفة التعليمية لجامعة الجزيرة على المنهج التكاملي للعلوم لتحقيق أهدافها التي تقوم على دراسة البيئة السودانية وبوجه خاص البيئة الريفية للتعرف على قضاياها وإجراء البحوث حولها. ينادي هذا المنهج بمبدأ وحدة العلوم أي أن العلوم والفنون والمعارف كلها مهما اختلفت موضوعاتها ومضامينها هي في حقيقتها مرتبطة ارتباطاً وثيقاً مع بعضها ومتداخلة إلي الحد الذي يجعل منها وحدة متماسكة متكاملة.

بما أن المجتمع الريفي ينظر إلي قضاياه كلها بطريقة تكاملية ولا يميل إلي اسلوب الفصل والتجزئة في الأمور، لهذا فقد توصلت جامعة الجزيرة إلي أن هذا المنهج هو الوعاء الفلسفي الأمثل الذي يمكن من خلاله تحقيق أهداف الجامعة. ولكي تنجح الجامعة في تحقيق أهدافها أصبح لزاماً عليها أن تختار نظاماً تعليمياً يتسم بالمرونة والكفاءة ويتلاءم مع ما تتطلبه هذه الفلسفة من بعد فكري يلعب فيه الطالب دوراً رئيسياً في بلورة شخصيته المتكاملة المتفردة .

كلية العلوم الزراعية من الكليات التي انشئت منذ تأسيس الجامعة وكانت رأس الرمح في تطبيق فلسفة جامعة الجزيرة الرامية للانفتاح على الريف وتضم في داخلها إحدى عشر قسماً  وتخصصاً مختلفًا، أحد الاقسام الرائدة التي انشئت حديثا نسبياً هو قسم المبيدات والسميات حيث كان يتبع لقسم وقاية المحاصيل ولكن نسبة للمشاكل البيئية الخطيرة التي باتت تعاني منها البلاد نتيجة للاستخدام غير المرشد للمبيدات وظهور الكثير من الامراض القاتلة مثل انواع السرطانات المختلفة والفشل الكلوي كان لابد ان ينبع قسم اكثر تخصصية ليعالج كل هذه القضايا المعاصرة . فاصبح قسما قائما بذاته منذ العام 1999م.

الهدف من البحث

القاء الضوء على تجربة قسم المبيدات والسميات الرائدة في مجال تطوير التعليم الزراعي في جامعة الجزيرة.

published in المؤتمر الدولي لتطوير البحث العلمي في التعليم العالي

  • Chemical Composition And Antibacterial Activity Of The Essential Oil Isolated From Seinat (Cucumis Melo Var. Tibish) Seeds

 

The chemical composition of the essential oil constituent from Seinat (Cucumis melo var. tibish) seeds was analyzed by gas
chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Forty components were identified; with 9, 12-Octadecadienoic acid, methyl ester (15.27%), 2H-Pyran-2-
one, tetrahydro-6-nonyl (14.60%) being the main constituents in the essential oil. Based on their functional groups, the ester compound group was
highest content (31.20%) compared with the other groups. In vitro antibacterial activity against three strains of Gram-positive bacteria and three strains
of Gram-negative bacteria was studied. The essential oil of seinat seeds had pronounced antibacterial activity on all the tested bacteria. Minimum
inhibitory concentration (MIC) was in the range from 0.5 to 5 mg/mL of sample.
 

published in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TECHNOLOGY ENHANCEMENTS AND EMERGING ENGINEERING RESEARCH

  • Chemical Compositions, Nutritional Properties and Volatile Compounds of Guddaim (Grewia Tenax. Forssk) Fiori Fruits

 

The chemical analysis and nutritional properties of guddaim fruits were investigated. Proximate
compositions, total energy, minerals, vitamins, sugar profile, amino acids and volatile compounds were determined.
Content of carbohydrate was 66.59%, while moisture, crude fiber, ash, crude protein and crude fat were 11.72%,
9.41%, 4.12%, 7.68% and 0.48%, respectively. The calorific values of fat, protein, and carbohydrates were 0.043,
0.307, and 2.663 kcal/g; respectively. The content of potassium was the highest minerals (856.25 mg/100 g), while
chromium was the lowest (0.063 mg/100 g). The main amino acids were threonine, valine, phenylalanine and
leucine 1.99, 2.91, 2.77, 3.62 g/100 g, respectively, which were found to be higher than the level of Daily
Recommended Allowance (DRA) of essential amino acids required for child and adult human suggested by
FAO/WHO/UNU pattern. Thiaine, riboflavin, pyridoxine, ascorbic acid and folic acid were, 0.185, 0.205, 3.15,
0.415 and 0.765 mg/100 g, respectively. The highest content of sugar was glucose 115.734 mg/g. Volatile
compounds were identified to be relatively smaller, that is ; acetic acid 61.04%; hydrazine –methyl 4.78%; 2,3-
butanediol 4.06% and hexanoic acid 3.48%. The results following this study showed this fruit contained a lot of
important nutrients and nutritional value, beneficial to human health.
 

published in Journal of Food and Nutrition Research

  • Physicochemical properties, phenolic acids and volatile compounds of oil extracted from dry alhydwan (Boerhavia elegana Choisy) seeds

 

In this study, the chemical composition, physicochemical properties, phenolic acids and volatile
compounds of alhydwan (Boerhavia elegana Choisy) seed oil were evaluated. The crude oil content was 11.49%,
ash 6.88%, moisture 6.12%, protein content 14.60%, total carbohydrate 24.77% and fiber 36.13%. The oil contain a high quantity of unsaturated fatty acids (74.63 mg·100 g−1) with oleic (C18:1) (57.77%), palmitic (C16:0)
(18.65%) and linoleic (C18:2) (12.88%) acids as the most abundant. The relative density was 0.88 and the iodine
value 105.59. The color analysis showed a value of 28.33 Y+1.43 R. The oil also had a high relative oxidative
stability. The tocol composition showed that α-tocotrienol, γ-tocopherol and γ-tocotrienol were in a higher concentration than the rest. Seven phenolic acids (caffeic, vanillic, galic, p-coumaric, ascorbic, cinnamic and ferulic)
were detected, with ascorbic acid as the predominant one (5.44 mg·100 g−1). In relation to the volatile composition, 48 compounds were found with Z-10-Pentadecen-1-ol (56.73%); Hexadecenoic acid, Z-11- (18.52%);
9,12-Octadecadienoic acid (Z,Z)- (3.93%) and 9,12-Octadecadienoic acid (Z,Z)-, 2-hydroxy-1-(hydroxymethyl)
ethyl ester (3.04%) as the most abundant. These findings demonstrated the potential of alhydwan seeds to be
used as a good source of quality edible oil.
 

published in GRASAS Y ACEITES

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