النشر العلمي

  • System for Remote Patient Healthcare Monitoring

One field became of focal importance recently; incorporates body sensor networks (BSNs) for monitoring patient's bio-activities. In present situation when patient's monitored-vital signs showed abnormal behaviour health provider must be informed immediately. But, unfortunately, for some reasons the information delivery may be slower than needed when time in this case is very important, and crucial. In addition to that, most of recent BSNs are based on using an expensive networks infrastructures, and it won't work properly without availability of stable internet connections. In this paper, a system is designed for monitoring patients' body temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure, as well as issuing an instant warning via SMS/GSM in emergence. The modelled system ran very well and achieved an accurate reading, and an excellent time response with an overall average time for SMS deliver and doctor feedback of 16 seconds.

published in IJMECE

  • Effects of Utilizing Disposed Fish of White Nile River in performance Pullets, Gezira, Sudan

Abstract
An experiment had been carried out to examine the suitability of using the White River Nile waste and disposed fish after simple heat treatments (Sun drying, roasting, direct boiling and indirect boiling) in growers and pullets rations from the seven to the twelve week as growers and from the thirteenth up to the eighteenth week as pullets by replacing the imported concentrates. The diets were contain different levels (0, 1.5, 3.5 and 5%) of treated fish replacing concentrates were used for the two periods. The crude protein of treated fish samples were (50.75, 52.50, 50.55 and50.05%) respectively and the super concentrate 31.50%. A total of 390 birds of Hy-line W-98 at the seventh week of age, randomly distributed for groups, 5 group (30 bird/ treatment). The performance of the growers fed roasted fish (1.5%) performed high weight gain (600.17g/bird), while (5%) direct boiling fish (431.50 g/bird) was the lowest ones. The growers showed high feed intake for (1.5%) sun-dry fish i.e. 438.67 g/bird, while the lowest feed intake was at (3.5%) indirect boiled fish (372.98.66g/bird). Levels of sun-dried, roasted fish and the control gain the best weight, where indirect boiled and direct boiled fish were the lowest feed intake. Pullets fed different levels of roasted, sun dried fish and control showed high feed intake, reflected in high body weigh compared to direct and indirect boiled fish diets. The study investigated the usefulness of wasted and disposed fish after simple local heat treatments to replace imported concentrates for growers and pullets rations.

published in Veterinaria

  • Dietary factors are affecting on endogenous amino acid losses (EAAL) in broiler chickens - A Review

Abstract: Feed and diet formulation directly influence on endogenous amino acid flow and its losses in poultry. The dietary ingredients are increase total flow of endogenous secretions in birds, then the internal secretions decreases amino acid digestibility. There are various factors affecting on endogenous amino acid losses (EAAL) in broiler chickens directly, but especially in dietary supplementation the protein sources highly affects on total endogenous amino acid flow. Feed ingredients containing protein sources with various concentrations of amino acids (AA), dietary fibers, Phytate Phytic and marker which use for as indicator are may increase and decrease the endogenous secretion. Intestinal physiology including mucin formation is responsible for maintaining internal secretion to control endogenous amino acids flow and its production. The intestinal gut performance directly proportional to the total flow of EAA in distal of ileum. The age of bird with different dietary supplementation of feed ingredients are also effects on total endogenous amino acid flow. This review explain briefly all dietary factors are affecting on EAAL in broiler chickens, and the evaluation of apparent, true and standardized digestibilities. The measurement and accurate estimation of endogenous secretions in mono gastric animals are still finding with various methods and techniques, but it cannot deny that the factors are directly and indirectly affecting on endogenous secretion. It desires to identify all factors which are influencing on EAAL in poultry.

published in Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences

  • Endogenous amino acid losses (EAAL) in growing pigs influence on methodology and factors are affecting – A Review
Endogenous amino acid losses (EAAL) in growing piglets are affected by dietary supplementation of ingredients and feed stuffs are observed. In early age of pigs the feeding practices with environmental factors are highly affected on endogenous losses. There are numerous techniques are used to determined actual value of endogenous amino acid production and losses. The nitrogen free diet (NFD), regression, homoarginine, enzyme hydrolyzed casein (EHC) and 15N-isotopes techniques are used to evaluate the endogenous nitrogen losses, but all consequences were little bit adverse so still all methods are not uniform. Whereas methods, but there are several factors are affecting on EAAL in pigs. These factors are including methodological, environmental, feeding and sample collecting in animals. Dietary feed stuff sources are major contributions in endogenous losses such as dry mater intake (DMI), dietary protein, fibers, bacterial microflora and other anti-nutritional factors (ANFs) are increases EAAL. The present review highlights the EAAL by various techniques, factors and procedures to apply for collecting ileal digest and accurate measurement of endogenous losses. There are numerous procedures to collect samples from pigs, by ileorectal anastomosis, slaughter technique, reentrant canulas, simple T canulas, and post valve T caecum canulas. The criticism of in this review, it’s discussed all aspects briefly in young pigs which are affecting on EAAL.

published in Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences

  • Performance, Immune, and Carcass Characteristics of Broiler Chickens as Affected by Thyme and Licorice or Enzyme Supplemented Diets
Numbers of 300 day-old broiler chickens through a CRD design with 5 treatments, 3 replicates and 20 chicks in each pen were used to evaluate the effect of thyme (T), licorice (L), thyme + licorice (TL), and enzyme supplemented (E) diets on performance, immune and carcass characteristics. According to the results, performance traits, immune indices, and carcass traits in herbal medicine and enzyme supplemented diets were improved significantly than control diet (P < 0.05). Weight gain and FCR in T and E groups were significantly higher and lower than other groups respectively (P < 0.05). Internal organs such as abdominal fat and liver weight as indicators of lipogenesis rate were decreased in T, L, and TL diets than control or E diet significantly (P < 0.05). Immune organs such as burse and spleen weight as indicators of immune situation were increased in TL diet than other treatments significantly (P < 0.05). These findings indicated that thyme and licorice singly or in combination as organic herbal medicine can affect performance, carcass and immune characteristics. Also an improved immune organ such as burse or

published in Open Journal of Animal Sciences

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