النشر العلمي

  • بعض العادات الصحية لدى طالبات كليات التربية وعلاقتها بالتوافق النفسي (دراسة حالة طالبات كليتي التربية – حنتوب بجامعة الجزيرة والتربية أساس بجامعة القرآن الكريم وتأصيل العلوم)

الملخص:

    هدفت هذه الدراسة إلى التعرف على بعض العادات الصحية التي تتميز بها طالبات كليات التربية، وهدفت كذلك إلى الكشف عن العلاقة بين هذه العادات الصحية لدى الطالبات وبين التوافق النفسي لديهن، استخدمت الدراسة المنهج الوصفي مستعينةً باستبانة كأداة للدراسة والتي أعدها الباحث خصيصاً لأغراض الدراسة بعد أن أخضعها للإجراءات السيكومترية المناسبة، وقد تم تطبيق الاستبانة على عينة قوامها (400) طالبة من كليتي التربية – حنتوب بجامعة الجزيرة والتربية أساس بجامعة القرآن الكريم وتأصيل العلوم، واستخدم الباحث برنامج الحزم الإحصائية للعلوم الاجتماعية (SPSS) لمعالجة البيانات الإحصائية وتحليل البيانات، وتوصلت الدراسة إلى عدة نتائج أبرزها: أن هناك عدد من العادات الصحية المميزة لطالبات كليات التربية وهي عادات متعلقة ب (الوقاية من الأمراض) بمتوسط حسابي (4.09)، (الغذاء) بمتوسط حسابي (3.77)، والعادات المتعلقة ب (النوم) بمتوسط حسابي (2.64)، وأن هناك علاقة موجبة دالة إحصائياً بين كل من العادات الصحية المميزة لطالبات كليات التربية وبين التوافق النفسي لديهن، أوصت الدراسة بضرورة بناء وتخصيص برامج إرشاد نفسي وتوجيهها لخدمة الجانب الصحي لما له من أهمية في الحياة النفسية للطالبة الجامعية واستقراها ونجاحها الأكاديمي.

published in مخبر علم النفس الصحة و الوقاية و نوعية الحياة

  • Climate Change Impacts on Water Resources of the Largest African River Basins

The objectives were to ensemble and analyze the projected signals of climate change recently published in peer reviewed outlets with respect to five African river basins, viz. Nile, Senegal & Volta, Niger, Congo, and Zambezi & Limpopo. Results of 61 papers were assessed (distributed as 30, 25, 16, 13, and 16%, respectively).  Findings stated the dominant tendency for using unmitigated emission pathways (A2 for the Nile and RCP8.5 for the remaining basins), with fewer applications to hypothetical scenarios. Compared to the individual member, the majority of the papers followed the ensemble GCMs approach to obtain robust results compared mostly (40-50%) to the 1960-1990 baseline. Nevertheless, all models agreed in the increasing trend of temperature compared to the dominant uncertain trends in rainfall.  The studies applied 19 hydrological models (especially SWAT, HBV and CLiRuN) coupled with limited land use considerations. In contrast to uncertain trends in future rivers’ flow, all basins showed decreasing trends in runoff. This discrepancy in climate change projections delayed the adoption of adaptation plans. Technically, runoff, stream flows and evapotranspiration terms were largely misused. The north-south cooperation is direly needed in building observational datasets, a priori input for characterizing the regional uncertainty and better climate change projections.

published in Research-2-Practice Forum on Renewable Energy, Water and Climate Security in Africa

  • الحماية القانونية للأجر في الفقه والقانون السوداني

تهدف هذه الدراسة في دراسة الطرق والوسائل التي يمكن من خلالها وضع الحماية القانونية اللازمة لأجر العامل، وذلك لأهمية الأجر بالنسبة للعامل حيث أنه يمثل مصدر العيش له ولأسرته، والتالي يؤثر تأثيراً بالغاً على حياة المجتمع ككل. وقد أتبع الباحث في هذه الدراسة على المنهج التاريخي، والمنهج التحليلي، وإيراد ما كتب الشراح في هذا الموضوع. وتوصل الباحث الى عدة نتائج وتوصيات أهمها أن الأجر يمثل أهم حقوق العامل المترتبة على عقد العمل، وفي المقابل أهم ألتزامات صاحب العمل، مما يدعو الى ضرورة التوصية بوضع أقصي درجات الحماية القانونية التي تضمن وصوله الى العامل، والحفاظ على إستقرار حياة العامل والمجتمع بأسره.

Abstract: The study aims at studying methodologies and styles that enable to set the required legal protection for the employee wage, because of the necessity of the wage for the employee, where it represent the source of the life of him and his family, subsequently, it can hardly affect on the all community life. The researcher followed the historical analytical method, and stipulating what was written by interpreters concerning this subject, The study comes up with many results, the important of which is that; the wage represent the important employee’s rights for his work contract, contrary it is the most important employer’ commitment, which lead to the recommendation necessity to provide the maximum legal protection degrees which guarantee it is arrival to employee, and saving the stability of not only the employee life but also for the entire community


 

published in مجلة الدراسات العليا جامعة النيلين

  • Arabic perspective of principles of screening and diagnostics in ovarian cancer, Sudan

Ovarian cancer is the seventh most common cancer, and it is the most common cause of mortality from gynecological cancers worldwide, with 238,619 incident cases in 2012 according to Globocan (http://globocan.iarc.fr/Default.aspx), neither the morality rate for ovarian cancer nor the survival rate in Sudan has previously been described due to a lack of the availability of death certificates, the majority of patients presenting with advanced stage disease were not thoroughly investigated or treated symptomatically. ecological cancers worldwide, with 238,619 incident cases in 2012 according to Globocan (http://globocan.iarc.fr/Default.aspx)

In developing countries, it is ranked the second most common gynecological cancer, and constitutes the fourth most common of all cancers in women, with 17,755 incident cases in 2012. Essentially, the highest incidence rates of ovarian cancer are found in the developed countries.

The incidence rate of ovarian cancer in the entire Sudan has yet to be identified; however, in a hospital-based data set from the National Cancer Institute, Gezira University, Central Sudan and Radiation Isotopes Center in Khartoum, collected between 2000 and 2006, ovarian cancer accounted for 6.8% (949) of all recorded cancers

Globally, a lack of reliable screening modalities has restricted the opportunities for early diagnosis and cancer detection, leading to a significant proportion of women worldwide presenting at an advanced stage of the disease. Due to this late presentation, available treatments are ineffective, and the majority of patients relapse following treatment-induced regression

 

Furthermore, there is substantial geographic variation in the incidence of ovarian cancer and mortality, with higher incidence observed in developed countries (9.4 per 100,000 women) compared with women living in the developing world

 

as well as to investigate the age at diagnosis, histological type, stage, management and survival pattern of women with ovarian cancer presenting at the National Cancer Institute, Gezira University (NCI-UG), Sudan.

Data are collected actively, as well as passively, and are checked for accuracy prior to being entered in the computer. Patients with a diagnosis of ovarian cancer from all gynecological hospitals in Gezira State and the surrounding states are referred to the NCI-UG. Usually, the referred patients will have a pathology or cytology report. In rare cases, for patients who were not fit for surgery or who had a negative cytology report, a clinical diagnosis was used [clinical presentation or imaging, in addition to an assessment of the tumor biomarker, cancer antigen 125 (CA125)].

Tumors were classified according to the tumor-lymph node-metastasis (TNM) classification, which is based on size of the primary tumor and presence of metastatic regional lymph nodes and/or of distant metastases (7). Few data on grade were available (note that this was not a common service at these local facilities). Tumors were graded as poorly differentiated, moderately differentiated or well differentiated. Staging was based on the primary operative report, and was performed according to the systems adopted by the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO)

 

The present study has demonstrated that the majority of patients with ovarian cancer presented with late stage disease, i.e. stage III and IV. This late presentation of ovarian cancer is also observed in other sub-Saharan African countries (12,19). This finding could be explained by the ‘silent’ nature of the disease and its non-specific symptoms that hinder early diagnosis, in addition to a lack of cancer awareness and education, the influence of local healers and witchcraft, and so forth.

published in International Symposium about Ovarian and Cervical Cancer

  • آراء السودانيين حول الحوار الوطني والمجتمعي في السودان 2016م دراسة حالة (ولاية الجزيرة)

published in المؤتمر الدولي الدراسات الأجتماعية

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