النشر العلمي

  • The Efficiency of Yemen Islamic Banks: Data Envelopment Analysis (2002-201)

Motivated by the catalytic role that the banking sector could play in the economy, this paper examined the cost efficiency of Yemen Islamic banks under the intermediation approaches using the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) method and panel data for four banks during the period 2002-2014. The results under approaches indicate that Yemen Islamic banks are fairly efficient. Where estimated 79%, which is lower than the range of results reported in the literature. Most important, although the majority of Yemen Islamic banks operate under increasing returns to scale, these banks suffer from diseconomies of scale and have not yet exploited the advantages of increasing returns to scale as the very low estimates of overall average cost efficiency indicate. With an average efficiency score lower than the world’s average, coupled with measures to open up the sector for foreign banks, Yemen Islamic banks could survive fierce competition only by improving efficiency toward the world best practice frontiers. Efficiency could be improved through a number of measures, including the improvement of productivity through human capital development, the introduction of new technologies and internet banking services (involving automation and computerization) and, most important, through a credible management chosen on the basis of competence and expertise. 
 
 

published in Gezira J. of Econ. & Soci. Scie. Vol. (9) No. (1) 2018-1440 4

  • Cost efficiency of Yemen Islamic banks: An inefficiency effects approach (2002-2014)

 Over the last two decades, Islamic financial institutions have played the main role in financing the agricultural sector in terms of contracts :
 Murabaha, Istisna, Ijara, Mudaraba, Musharika, Muzaraa and Al Salam. Numerous studies have adopted efficiency and productivity techniques to examine and evaluate the overall performance of Islamic banking industries to inform policy effect as well as identify the best practice. According to the importance of the efficiency and productivity of Yemen Islamic banks in the sustainability of financing the  agricultural sector, they contribute 15% of their funds  annually to finance the agricultural sector. Motivated by the catalytic role that the banking sector could play in the economy, this paper examined the efficiency of Yemen Islamic banks under the intermediation approaches using the Stochastic Frontier method and panel data for four banks during the period 2002-2014. The results indicated that Yemen Islamic banks were moderately efficient. The cost efficiency was estimated at  82%, which was lower than the range of results reported in the literature. Yemen Islamic banks could survive fierce competition only by improving efficiency toward the world best practice frontiers. Efficiency could be improved through a number of measures, including the improvement of productivity through human capital development, the introduction of new technologies and internet banking services (involving automation and computerization) and, most important, through a credible management chosen on the basis of competence and expertise

published in Gezira J. of Agric. Sci. 16(2): 149 - 163 (2018)

  • UMST
  1. Abstract: Background:  The ability of undergraduate medical sciences students to self-assess is a critical skill, which all health professionals must master. Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the students' self-grading versus tutors' grades and to assess inter-examiner grade variation in preclinical crown preparations of plastic teeth. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study among fifty 4th-year undergraduate dental students, at semester 7 (2014-2015), at the University of Medical Sciences and Technology, Sudan; and two tutors from the department of restorative dentistry with differing years of experience. Each student prepared a crown of porcelain fused to metal on a plastic molar. After one week students were asked to rate their preparation using the “glance-and-grade” marking system, out of 20 marks. The two examiners also assessed the preparation separately by the same method. A comparison between different variables was done by paired sample t-test and Person’s correlation test with the level of significance set at p-value≤0.05. Results: The mean of students self-grading (13.4±3.37) of the prepared teeth was higher than the mean grades (12.0±3.67) of the junior tutor (p=0.007) and moderate correlation (0.376). The mean of students self-grading is much higher than the mean grades (9.64±3.37) by the senior tutor (p=0.001) and with moderate correlation (0.450). Comparison between the grades means of the prepared teeth by the two tutors revealed statistical significant different (p=0.000) and strong correlation (0.647). The overall mean grades (10.82±5.25) by the two tutors and self-grading (13.40±3.375) by the students were statistically significantly different (p=0.00). Conclusion: Students tended to grade their preparations of porcelain fused to metal crowns on plastic teeth higher than tutors. Inter examiner variation in grading were observed between the junior and senior tutors. Training students in self-assessment methods and the setting of criteria by the faculty is recommended.    

published in Journal of oral resersh

  • Suitable Technology for Addressing Climate Change in the Sudan

Climate change is one of the major challenges to the Sudan agricultural sector. The Federal Ministry of Agriculture designed and financed a special programme for the traditional rainfed sector of the country as a strategy for the 2014/15, 2015/16 and 2014/17 growing seasons in order to diversify and increase the production and productivity of cultivated crops in the traditional rainfed areas in the country such as sorghum, sesame, millet and sunflower. This programme was implemented by the Administration of Agricultural Extension and Technology Transfer in each State in collaboration with Sudan Agricultural Research Corporation (ARC) and Agricultural Bank of the Sudan. Results in Gezira State showed a promising increase in production average of demonstration plots of main the crops cultivated in the traditional rainfed sector of the State.

published in ICCCAD

  • Suitable Technology for Addressing Climate Change in the Sudan

Climate change is one of the major challenges to the Sudan agricultural sector. The Federal Ministry of Agriculture designed and financed a special programme for the traditional rainfed sector of the country as a strategy for the 2014/15, 2015/16 and 2014/17 growing seasons in order to diversify and increase the production and productivity of cultivated crops in the traditional rainfed areas in the country such as sorghum, sesame, millet and sunflower. This programme was implemented by the Administration of Agricultural Extension and Technology Transfer in each State in collaboration with Sudan Agricultural Research Corporation (ARC) and Agricultural Bank of the Sudan. Results in Gezira State showed a promising increase in production average of demonstration plots of main the crops cultivated in the traditional rainfed sector of the State.

published in ICCCAD

© 2016 University Of Gezira. All rights reserved | Design by Informatics Administration